provide feedback on what they have done well this far and make at least one constructive suggestion for how they can improve. 1. African and European folktale Whether it be a boogie man story or the legendary tale of the old haunted house; every folktale has its own origin and backstory, the truth under the tale so to speak. An example of an African folk tale is an adaptation of a traditional tale told by the Erik people of southeast Nigeria. Storytelling predates writing. The earliest forms of storytelling were usually oral combined with gestures and religious rituals, some archaeologists believe rock art may have served as a form of storytelling for many ancient cultures. The Australian aboriginals used the walls of caves to remember the stories whereas the African culture went about things a different way by passing down the stories generation to generation. Storytelling is particularly popular in African cultures, but also in Europe there is a long tradition, from ancient Greece to modern times. West African narratives can be identiﬁed by its theme, plot and style. One would, for example expect a lion to occur in a West African narrative, and a wolf in a Western European one. A neural story generator can produce narratives, however, narratives that are really coherent and distinctive as West-African is the challenge. Neural networks are trained with a large number of digitized stories, to recognize style characteristics at various levels: characters, setting, style etc.. The machine-generated output is then evaluated by real people, to train the algorithm.African storytellers have the important task to memorize genealogies and events, which they then recite to chiefs, kings and other important figures in an engaging way. Good storytellers have great sense of timing, use suitable voices and are great in creating suspense and interact- ing with the audience.The majority of the folk tales analyzed in this project are fables, which are known for their moralistic nature. Animal tales are a specific type of fables and can be defined as short narratives featuring anthropomorphized animals or the plants. This means that human instincts and responses are projected on them while most of their animal behaviors have been effaced.One of the most well known West African tricksters is the Ghanaian spider Kwaku Ananse, the folk tales which later spread to the West Indies and the Caribbean. In other West African countries such as Ivory Coast and Senegal the trickster is a hare, and among the Yoruba people in Nigeria it is a tortoise. Despite the trickster being a weaker prey animal, it always succeeds in tricking a stronger animal and overcoming its problems . In addition to the tales centered on tricksters, it is typical for African tales to include mystical, super- natural beings, such as Sasabonsam, the forest monster 2. Examination of Folktale and Fairytale from Psychoanalytic View Folktales and fairytales have a way of settling into children minds at a young age. Not only because they provide vivid images of what is taking place within the tale, but they provide life lessons that children never forget. For example, Cinderella a classic tale provides a moral in the end that if individuals do good and are nice to people good things will come your way. However, when individuals become an adult, they tend to look more into the word choice that many fairytales and folktales use. One-way individuals tend to look at fairytales or folktales is psychoanalytic approach. Psychoanalytic approach meaning that individuals focus on the unconscious mind rather than the conscious mind. Furthermore, when individuals read tales on a psychoanalytic approach it tends to change the overall meaning of the tale as they focus more on the word play rather than just the story itself. As individual grow the way they see things and understand things change as they become more exposed to reality and what is taking place around the world. Although those lesson and morals are still remembered they too might change as individuals who are reading from a psychoanalytic approach are focused on the words rather than the overall meaning of the tales. For instances, Cinderella a classic fairytale taught children that if they are nice and good, good things will happen but if they are mean and bad, bad things will happen. However, if individuals are reading from a psychoanalytic approach they will closely at the words and how the characters act that will change their overall prescription of the tale. For example, individuals might look at the evil stepmother and how she acts towards Cinderella considering Cinderella is not her narbiological daughter. Treating Cinderella as if she were less than a human being and connecting back to their own life of lives of them being treated as if they are not human. Although the overall moral of the fairytale might have changed because the view that it is being read has changed, the message within the fairytale is still the same. According to Psychoanalytic Theory Used in English Literature: A Descriptive Study by Md. Mahroof Hossain, Hossain explains the nature of psychoanalytic approach and how it relates to fairytales and folktales. Explaining that psychoanalytic approach is also a psychology aspect, when individuals are reading these tales, they tend to overthink every word choice and scenario as this approach plays on the unconscious part of the mind rather than the conscious part. Which tends to have individuals rethink and overthink what the overall meaning of the tale is.
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